Design and Installation of Sewer Sanitary Pipes and Drainage in Home Construction Projects

12 October 2017

The design of a waste removal system, one that’s built to manage residential effluent, requires careful oversight. Imagine the water drainage, the decaying food and masticated rubbish entering the drainage pipes. A blockage in the system would result in a nasty backed-up sink. Worse still, a poorly designed sewerage system could endanger the home’s occupants or even damage the local environment. The waste must flow unobstructed, from home to main effluent line.

Designing Sewer Sanitary Pipes

Like an old dot-to-dot puzzle, the mission statement is clear. That first dot is the home waste pipes. The second connecting node is a sewage treatment facility, a place that safely processes the foul fluid. The job, then, is to create the bridging connection between those two ‘dots,’ which is a role a technical services provider addresses with great skill. Picture the design and installation team assessing a home construction project. The ground type is part of that planning service, as is the location of the property. Done properly, the sewer sanitary pipe materials are selected properly, with the planned run length then routing its way correctly to the sewer mains. Incidentally, should the project require it, a septic tank may be required to properly facilitate that sewage system. Again, this provision will be evaluated by the project engineer.

Planning a Proper Flush

At this point, even a casual observer can see there’s more to sewer sanitary pipes and drainage systems than a plumber can address. This is engineering design, a service that analyses soil type and land topography. The characteristics of the local groundwater conditions require consideration. Then there’s the overall capacity of the drainage system, an asset that obviously needs some investigative muscle. Essentially, waste and sewerage infrastructures have limits. If the project in question adds a significant load to that system, then the selected installation plan needs to provide a means of handling the added load. Imagine a new apartment complex on the edge of town. That large home construction project is going to hit existing drainage pipes hard, so a citywide upgrade could be on the cards, as determined by a qualified technical services provider.

The branching sewage and drainage networks in home construction projects tack on a toxic fluid component, an effluent fraction that will cause trouble unless the installed pipes and fittings are designed to handle the sanitary needs of its occupants. Beyond loading considerations, to use a polite expression, the outgoing pipes should enter a carefully assessed installation zone, a site where septic tanks and sewer mains are already pinpointed and prepped for a safe connection service.

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