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Main Principles of Water Reticulation Systems

24 February 2021

To provide clean water to consumers, many infrastructures now utilise the capabilities and features of water reticulation systems. These systems are designed to collect water for it to be treated before it can be distributed to the consumers. They are mostly comprised of a gridwork of pipes and fittings, allowing them to supply the needed water of households and different water-dependent industries.

The technical aspects of water reticulation systems are mostly determined by the city planners, city engineers, and other professional consultants so that they can truly perform their functions. Several parameters must also be considered for the design and implementation of the systems.

Purposes of Water Reticulation Systems

As previously mentioned, water reticulation systems are intended to move water from its source to the consumers. Since water can encounter numerous resistances along the way, it must be moved flawlessly through enough energy. These systems can provide help for its movement, making it possible for the water to be transferred to properties amidst elevations and other similar hindrances.

Aside from the movement of water to consumers, water reticulation systems must also meet certain objectives for them to be effective. For one, they must have the necessary layout, pipe size, and pump capacity to supply the feedlot with water. These systems must also be designed to supply enough water during peak seasons or periods. Water reticulation systems should likewise contain a storage system to counter fluctuations and meet demands, allow system parts to be maintained easily, and contain enough features for their protection against any types of damages. 

Factors to Consider in Terms of Design

Several factors must be considered when it comes to designing water reticulation systems. Some of these factors include the size, materials, and the location of the system components.

  • Sizing: System components that are intended to transfer water must have the appropriate size so they can effectively carry out their functions. After all, the diameter and length of certain system components can affect their overall operating pressure. When it comes to finding the correct sizing, the whole system must consider the maximum flow rates and ultimate size of the feedlot.
  • Materials: Another factor to consider in designing water reticulation systems is the material used. Pumps, tanks, and other system components can be made from polythene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), galvanised steel, black steel, or copper. Some features that you should consider in choosing the material are life expectancy, resistance to corrosion, deposits, puncture, soil movement, and vehicle loads, ease of bending and installation, and comparative cost.
  • Location: Location is important for designing water reticulation systems as it is often used as a basis for accessibility, especially when it comes to repairs or maintenance. The location of the system components should also be considered so they can be situated in places that will not allow them to get damaged easily as well as sustain the temperatures of the water being transferred.

Other factors to consider in designing water reticulation systems include the volume of water required, the distance of components, flow rate, and pressure. To know more about these systems, feel free to contact us at Fairdinkum Technical Services.

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