The Importance of Structural Engineering Design and Analysis in Construction

02 December 2019

One of the most significant aspects of constructing a home is structural engineering and design. Structural engineering is the heart and backbone of all structures small or large. Structural engineers play an important role in all stages of design and construction to ensure that the structure can be built with durability and stability. Design entails the creative endeavours as well as analysis. So when it comes to building your dream home, structural engineering and design are both very important.

Basics of Structural Engineering

Mainly, a structural engineer makes certain that there is suitable strength for the building and serviceability. For instance, beams need to support the load otherwise they can cause issues with the ceiling and flooring finishes. Similarly, a lightweight and “budget” framing system could show obnoxious vibrations when it is subject to heavy foot traffic. Moreover, poor designed interior partitions and exterior walls can develop intolerable cracks when high winds cause significant lateral movement.

Structural engineering can include a variety of services for the analysis and design of the renovation of existing arrangements, new structures and foundation systems. As well, services can consist of assessing existing structures such as the analysis of a failing structure.

Creative Structural Design

Certain structural engineering functions are essential for a structure to be completed effectively. In actuality, all projects should have a structural engineer who forms the structural design benchmarks and models for the project. The structural engineer may also convey the design details and other information on the construction documents (drawings and stipulations). That way sufficient coordination of design work is ensured.

Additionally, it is recommended that a structural engineer be involved in a building project as early as possible. That way the structural engineer can provide valuable input about the electrical, architectural and mechanical systems prior to construction or install.

A structural engineer can also address many invaluable factors:

Type of Construction
– correct selection of the structural system in bearing walls, frames, etc. depending on the function and dimensions of the building, limitations of building code, zoning restrictions, local availability, and comparative expenses for all materials like structural steel, precast concrete, reinforced concrete and wood.

Column Locations – An unchanging grid that lowers costs, increases speed of construction, optimizes bay dimensions efficiently and simplifies repetitive member sizes.

Wall Locations
– Correct placement of vertical bracings or shear walls is imperative to prevent horizontal powers like earthquakes or wind from transferring from the superstructure down to the foundation. Also, placement is highly considered for optimal aesthetic and functional needs.

Additional Considerations
– Other structural engineering and design consideration and necessities are floor-to-floor heights, roof and floor penetration, exterior cladding and modifications to existing structures.

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