Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) Services

17 August 2018

Water sensitive urban design (WSUD) assesses fluid resources. Imagine the discipline integrating every artificial water system, as created by the urbanites occupying a region, then adding Mother Nature’s impact to the study. Thanks to WSUD, the planning of under and over ground assets, we can monitor life-sustaining water supplies, then use intelligent engineering practices to manage this precious resource.

What is WSUD?

Water sensitive urban design monitors and controls our fluid medium by observing plant and vegetation absorption ratios. That’s Mother Nature’s contribution to the issue. From here, the discipline moves into urbanized territory. Graded concrete surfaces and curving roads obviously impact stormwater flow patterns, so the design plan perhaps alters the angle or dip caused by a road. Above the roads and hard surfaces, roof angles are affecting the urban design strategy, which leads the designer towards a new conclusion. Extra drainage and guttering lines are the upshot of the plan’s reassessment.

The Tools of WSUD

Underground, there’s the local water table, which is impacting low-lying properties. Sump pumps and reinforced structural foundations stop the water from flooding home basements. Contractors, building a new street full of modern homes, wonder whether a roof angle and guttering requirement makes sense. Again, the engineers provide an answer. They incorporate the added water load into the Water Sensitive Urban Design plan, and the structures alter to accommodate a consultant’s recommendations. Then there are stormwater recycling mechanisms. They appear as sediment ponds, rainwater storage tanks, and all manner of resource management aids.

Mimicking the Natural Order

The urbanized streets and highways are still hitting a water-loading limit, so a flood seems likely if a storm cloud bursts wide open. Taking advantage of the lay of the land, the WSUD plan adds road swales. They’re just linear depressions, following the roads, but they quickly take care of the water that the road drainage system can’t handle. Additionally, swales are loaded with plant life. The plants are there to act as a natural filtration system. After all, urban areas are heavily populated, so that fluid load can’t be allowed to penetrate the ground while it’s still carrying some kind of a chemical pollutant.

There are parks and ponds in urban districts. They’re used to “green” concrete-heavy areas and let nature’s influence touch the lives of those who live in the area. But, more than this, the swales, rain gardens, and urban wetlands exist to naturally process water. Falling from the sky, flowing on river currents, or stored deep underground, the water is managed by a WSUD strategy, one that uses natural and artificial constructs to clean and manage every fluid system.

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